Children in language programs have demonstrated greater cognitive development, creativity, and divergent thinking than monolingual children. Several studies show that people who are competent in more than one language outscore those who are speakers of only one language on tests of verbal and nonverbal intelligence. The language program at St. George’s is designed to expose students to other languages, increase students’ understanding of and appreciation for other cultures, and, eventually, strengthen their command of the English language through comparative reflection of grammar and structure. St. George’s is committed to offering a quality program of language study. For success in the adult world, becoming multilingual and aware of other world cultures may be a necessity rather than an option. Communication is the focus of St. George’s language program. Schoolwide integration of the language program involves celebration of international holidays (Cinco de Mayo, Mardi Gras), cross-cultural service projects (corresponding with and collecting clothing for children in Mexico), and chapel or assembly programs that are partially conducted in a second language.
Department Chair: Ms. Mary Reed, firstname.lastname@example.org
Middle school students choosing to study French begin with French IA in Grade 7. Example topics of communication for this year include: exchanging greetings, introducing yourself and others, saying where you are from, discussing where we live, and expressing likes and dislikes. Students also learn how to discuss activities, their classes, their families and food. Some of the grammar covered this year includes: subject pronouns, articles, nouns, adjectives, numbers 1-100, forming questions and telling time. Students also learn to conjugate regular, along with several irregular verbs, in the present tense. The class will spend time learning about the different French speaking countries and the present and future importance of knowing this language. French is used in both the written and oral forms. The course textbook, Bien Dit I, is completed over the course of middle school: units 1-5 in Grade 7 and units 6-10 in Grade 8.
Prerequisite: French IA
French IB students complete the requirements of Level I French (equivalent of the upper school French I course). After a brief review of French IA, the course covers units on sports, cultural celebrations, traveling, and household activities. Students continue to work with the present tense and learn the proper formation and use of the two basic past tenses: the passé composé and imparfait. Mastery and retention of irregular verbs is crucial in French IA, as they form the basis for several tenses in Level IB. As in French IA, French will continue to be used in oral and written forms. The course textbook, Bien Dit I, will be completed over the course of middle school: units 1-5 in grade 7 and units 6-10 in grade 8.
This course instructs level one French in one year. Students learn how to introduce themselves and talk about the world around them. They learn to form the present tense and passé composé as well as touch on the imperfect tense. A variety of subjects are covered such as school, home life, friends, leisure activities, and vacation. Students are introduced to France and francophone countries. Students work in class and at home online to communicate in French. Mastery and retention of the present tense of both regular and irregular verbs are critical as they form the basis of future tenses studied. The primary text used for this course is Bien Dit I.
Prerequisite: French IB or French I
This course instructs level two French in one year. Students learn how to introduce themselves and talk about the world around them. They learn to form the present and passé composé as well as touch on the imperfect tenses through the use of the Bien Dit II text. A variety of subjects are covered such as school, home life, friends, leisure activities, and vacation. Students are introduced to France and francophone countries. Students work in class and at home online to communicate in French. Mastery and retention of the present tense of both regular and irregular verbs are critical as they form the basis of future tenses studied.
Prerequisite: French II
Level III focuses on expanding vocabulary, building grammar competency, furthering oral proficiency, and reading comprehension. Students work with the Bien Dit III text and accompanying audio and written exercise workbooks, as well as additional excerpts on French history and periodicals. Topics include relationships, stages of life, the media, nature and outdoor sports, fairy tales and legends, government, and a brief overview of French history. Students work to improve reading comprehension skills as well as paraphrasing.
Prerequisite: French III
Level IV focuses on expanding vocabulary and furthering oral proficiency, building grammar competency, reading comprehension, and written proficiency. Students complete the Bien Dit III text and accompanying audio and written exercise workbooks, as well as the Trésors du Temps text, the Troisième Année workbook, and periodicals. Students cover family life and stages of life, science and technology, leisure activities, the workplace, the environment, and a brief overview of French history. Students read Le Petit Prince in the later part of the year.
Prerequisite: French IV
See qualifications for advanced/AP courses.
This course is designed so that students are prepared to take the AP French Language exam at the end of the year. It is a college-level course that develops mastery in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Newspapers, audio-magazines, and video-magazines from France, as well as literary pieces, enhance the students’ appreciation of the language, literature, and culture. All students enrolled in this course must take the AP exam in May.
In Latin IA, students are introduced to the Latin language, Roman culture and its lasting impact on modern civilizations, and Greco-Roman mythology. Over the course of two semesters, students write and translate simple sentences, read connected passages in Latin, and utilize knowledge of Latin word stems to improve their vocabulary in English and broaden their understanding of English grammar. Students cover the first ten chapters of Disce! Volume 1. The stories in this text are taken from actual letters, essays, and plays to help lay the foundation for Latin IB in eighth grade.
Prerequisite: Latin IA
The first semester of this course is spent reviewing and mastering concepts learned in Latin IA through application. Students learn the remaining verb tenses, noun declensions, adjectives, and adverbs. They also gain a greater understanding of the Roman culture through projects where they get to learn about and "be" a Roman.
In Latin I, students are introduced to the Latin language, Roman culture and its lasting impact on modern civilizations, and Greco-Roman mythology. Over the course of two semesters, students cover all of the foundational grammar while also writing and translating sentences, reading connected passages in Latin, and utilizing knowledge of Latin word stems to improve their vocabulary in English and broaden their understanding of English grammar. Students cover all twenty chapters of Disce! Volume 1. The stories in this text are taken from actual letters, essays, and plays to help lay the foundation for Latin II.
Prerequisite: Latin IB or Latin I
Latin II builds upon the foundations of Latin I while presenting more advanced grammatical concepts and additional vocabulary in Disce!Volume 2. There is a strong emphasis on actively learning and working with new grammar. Students further broaden their awareness of Latin roots within our own language by generating English derivatives and learning commonly used Latin mottos. Translation skills continue to be central to the course through reading mythological stories in Latin. Cultural topics are broadened through reading To Be a Roman.
Prerequisite: Latin II
Latin III focuses on applying and mastering the concepts and vocabulary learned in levels I and II. Students are exposed to some of the timeless concepts instituted by the Romans through their study of the more illustrious characters during the Roman Republic and Empire. They are introduced to Vergil’s Aeneid, read in English about the famous orator Cicero, complete an in-class emperor project, and read an eyewitness account of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius. Weekly vocabulary quizzes are given and grammatical concepts are reviewed throughout the year. In addition, students further expand their knowledge of classical mythology in the textbook Classical Mythology and More.
Prerequisite: Latin III
This course is designed for students who desire to further their knowledge of Roman culture and geography as well as strengthen their vocabulary. Students expand their knowledge of geography of the ancient world through maps and exercises in A Roman Map Workbook. Students complete projects pertaining to the Roman Forum, Roman military, and explore places around the world where the Romans once had control. Furthermore, students read in English Vergil’s masterpiece, The Aeneid.
This course is designed for students who desire to hone their grammar and translating skills as well as further their knowledge of Roman culture and geography. Similar to Latin IV, students expand their knowledge of geography of the ancient world through maps and exercises in A Roman Map Workbook. They complete projects pertaining to the Roman Forum and Roman military, and they explore places around the world the Romans once controlled. Furthermore, students read in English Vergil’s masterpiece, The Aeneid. In addition, students study and translate the lyric poetry of Catullus, selections from Ovid’s Metamorphoses, and the philosophical poems of Horace. Students learn how to translate Latin poetry and how to analyze stylistic devices used by the three poets. Finally, students continue to reinforce and strengthen their grammar skills through the various Latin translations and practice.
Prerequisite: Latin III (with instructor's permission) or Latin IV
This class is devoted to translating the required books of Vergil’s Aeneid and selections from Caesar's Gallic War. Students read, understand, translate, and analyze Latin poetry and prose. Students practice writing literal English translations of a Latin passage, explicating specific words or phrases in context and identifying the context and significance of short excerpts from the required books/selections. Students are exposed to some of the important people, events, and literary genres of Roman times, paying particular attention to the late Republic and early Principate time periods. In addition, students identify and analyze characteristic features of both Vergil’s and Caesar's mode of expression as seen in specific passages. All students enrolled in this course must take the AP exam in May.
Prerequisite: Mandarin Chinese IB or Mandarin Chinese I
Mandarin Chinese II is an online course offered through One Schoolhouse with the addition of a Mandarin tutor that comes to class biweekly to work on spoken language skills with students. Mandarin Chinese II students continue to improve their Chinese skills by using both structured and created language. Cultural connections are made at appropriate intervals to familiarize students with the Chinese speaking world. Students learn to initiate and participate in daily communication, apply new vocabulary and more complex sentence patterns to fulfill the functions of expressing individual needs, describe circumstances, compare the similarities and differences of phenomenon, and demonstrate culturally contextualized understanding. Students improve character literacy, authentic language production and cultural competency. A variety of audio, visual, and textual materials are carefully selected based on the interests and preferences of the students, which optimizes the effectiveness of the online personalized experience. This course aligns with Cheng and Tsui’s Integrated Chinese Level I lessons six through 12. By the end of Chinese II, students will be able to write journals, compose short Chinese songs and rhymes, share about topics related to their school life, and produce refined language freely at the paragraph level on essential social communication.
Prerequisite: Mandarin Chinese II
Mandarin Chinese III is an online course offered through One Schoolhouse with the addition of a Mandarin tutor that comes to class biweekly to work on spoken language skills with students. Mandarin Chinese III students develop their essential Chinese language skills while gaining a deeper understanding of Chinese culture through engaging with various audio, visual, textual materials and increasing authentic language application experience. The course is designed for students who have had at least two years of Chinese study, and takes them into structured communication through comprehensive skill-enhancement with abundant task-based practical grammatical structures and sentence patterns. Students engage in group work, online seminars, real-time speaking practice and personalized learning packets to improve constructive conversation skills in Chinese. Students are highly encouraged to enjoy applying Mandarin and to make productive mistakes within the course. This course aligns with Cheng and Tsui’s Integrated Chinese Level I lessons 11 through 20. By the end of this course, students will acquire substantive vocabulary and structures to creating essays, compose songs and rhymes, discuss written and audio primary sources, and present speeches that are related to a wide variety of popular topics. The goal is to be able to function successfully in daily life in a Chinese-speaking world.
Prerequisite: Mandarin Chinese III
Mandarin Chinese IV is an online course offered through One Schoolhouse with the addition of a Mandarin tutor that comes to class biweekly to work on spoken language skills with students. Mandarin Chinese IV is a rigorous class that prepares students for AP Chinese Language and Culture or Chinese V course the following year. Students develop language competencies, while building proficiency in applying Mandarin in a variety of real life situations. The course builds through unrehearsed listening and reading texts, engaging essays, authentic projects and virtual field trips. Classroom discussions and debates are added sequentially so that students develop both communication and language learning strategies. A variety of audio, visual, and textual materials are carefully selected based on the interests and preferences of the students, to reflect the diversity of students' lives, school experience, and personal/social issues. Students should be prepared for a range of collaborative and individual activities each week, including speaking in real time with each other and the instructor. This course aligns with Cheng and Tsui’s Integrated Chinese Level II lessons 21 through 30. By the end of this course, students will able to relate past, present, and future experiences to conduct complicated daily activities in Mandarin.
Prerequisite Mandarin Chinese III or IV
Mandarin Chinese V is an online course offered through One Schoolhouse with the addition of a Mandarin tutor that comes to class biweekly to work on spoken language skills with students. This course focuses on applying Chinese language and cultural skills in real-world problem situations, and experiencing a variety of topics in Chinese history, geography, music and arts, literature, daily life, and national and global issues. Students use team work, group online seminars, one-to-one extra help, and a variety of engaging activities and experiential projects to meet individual needs. Students gain the high language proficiency and cultural competency to compare, examine, evaluate and solve conflicts successfully. Chinese V is recommended for students who have completed four or more years of Chinese but do not want to prepare for the AP® exam.
Middle school students choosing to study Spanish begin with Spanish IA in the seventh grade year. Students spend some time learning about the different Spanish-speaking countries and the importance of knowing this language. This course is taught using a mixture of Spanish and English to ensure that grammar is thoroughly understood. Students are expected to verbally participate in class, using the target language as much as possible to communicate. Spanish is used in the written and oral forms. Some seventh grade grammar topics include: subject pronouns, the verb ser, the verb gustar, articles, personal adjectives, the verb tener, possession, numbers 0-100, regular and irregular present tense verbs, the near future tense, the recent past tense, direct object pronouns, and the present progressive tense.
Prerequisite: Spanish IA
Spanish IB is an eighth grade course that completes the high school level Spanish I course begun in seventh grade. Students continue in their quest to read, write, speak, and listen to Spanish. This course is taught using a mixture of Spanish and English to ensure that grammar is thoroughly understood. Students are expected to verbally participate in class, using the target language as much as possible to communicate. Students are frequently challenged to use higher-level thinking skills in order to apply their vocabulary and grammar. Through listening activities, students test their auditory progress, and oral tests are given at the end of each chapter. Some eighth grade grammar topics include: prepositions of location, regular and irregular affirmative tú commands, indirect object pronouns, -ísimo(a) adjectives, reflexive verbs, regular and irregular negative tú commands, -mente adverbs, object pronouns with commands and the present progressive, the preterite of regular and irregular verbs, numbers 200-1,000,000, and demonstrative adjectives and pronouns.
This is an introductory course to Spanish. Students learn about the Spanish-speaking world and the present and future importance of knowing the language. Students read, write, speak, and understand Spanish on a myriad of topics including: describing yourself and others, school, daily schedules, food, family, clothing/shopping, in a restaurant, in the home, sports, staying healthy, and vacation. Students also explore cultural aspects of Spanish-speaking countries.
Prerequisite: Spanish IB or Spanish I
Spanish II begins with a review of Spanish I grammar and vocabulary. Students will learn to speak in both past tenses, learn the subjunctive mood, the future, and the conditional tenses. Students will read short stories, legends, and fables that are a part of Spanish culture in many different countries and will also read stories from their own childhood. They will study vocabulary about going on a vacation, sports, health, daily routines, clothing/shopping, at the market, food, meals in a restaurant, family and relationships, careers and professions.
Prerequisite: Spanish II
The emphasis of Spanish III is to expand the student’s spoken and written proficiency in the target language. This course is taught using a mixture of Spanish and English to ensure that grammar is thoroughly understood. Students will communicate in class on a variety of topics including, but not limited to, their role in society, the ideal place to live, and telecommunications. Throughout the course, students also focus on developing more complex writing skills, implementing advanced grammatical structures, and clarifying written errors. Students continue to explore cultural aspects of Spanish-speaking countries, including music, art, and linguistic differences.
Prerequisite: Spanish III
The fourth year in the Spanish sequence is meant to foster mastery of the students’ oral and written skills. The main goal is to further develop and improve on the student’s communication skills while building their confidence in Spanish. The students are given extensive speaking practice as Spanish is used exclusively as the medium of communication in the classroom. This enables the students to be prepared for taking Spanish at the collegiate level. Class activities include discussions, debates, presentations, and storytelling. Oral participation is required for success in the class and students are responsible for coming to class prepared to speak every day. Writing is practiced and enhanced with frequent essays and short writing assignments. The students read and are expected to react to current events. They also read and discuss short stories and classic Spanish literature.
Prerequisite: excellent performance in Spanish III and approval of the instructor
Students approved to matriculate in this honors course have shown certain high-level abilities through their Spanish III coursework. Not only have these students maintained the highest grades in their third year of language study, but they have also demonstrated a certain facility to communicate in the language. This fourth year of Spanish study is meant to practice reading, listening, speaking and writing in Spanish. Development and refinement of these skills are a focus, as a detailed review of Spanish grammar is endeavored. Students also read about and discuss the history and culture of the Spanish-speaking world. Students are expected to communicate in Spanish and to demonstrate a daily intent to practice the language. This course is taught primarily in Spanish and serves as a bridge between Spanish III and the Advanced Placement Spanish Language course. For this class, Triángulo Aprobado and Complete Spanish Grammar are the primary texts used.
Prerequisite: Spanish IV
Advanced Placement Spanish is a college-level course designed to prepare students for the AP Spanish language exam. In this course, students attempt to master all four components of second language acquisition and retention: speaking, listening comprehension, reading comprehension, and writing. The course is taught entirely in Spanish and there is the expectation that students will speak only Spanish in class as well. Numerous print and audio excerpts are used from to these resources: Temas, AP Spanish, and AP Spanish Preparing for the Language and Culture Exam. Digital news sites are frequented. All students enrolled in this course must take the AP exam in May.
Prerequisite: AP Spanish Language
AP Spanish literature is a senior level course that can be taken alone or in conjunction with the AP Spanish Language and Culture course upon successful completion of Spanish IV honors. The class is structured around the six AP themes: La dualidad de ser, Los sociedades en contacto, La construcción del género, El tiempo y el espacio, La creación literaria, y las relaciones interpersonales. The class focuses on the following learning objectives: communication, connections and comparisons between cultures and communities, and language usage in support of literary analysis. All students enrolled in this course must take the AP exam in May.
IN THIS SECTION